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Terms and conditions of copyright

This website and its contents - including pages, documents, graphics, audio and video - are protected by Crown copyright and subject to the copyright laws of New Zealand and, through international treaties, other countries. The copyright is owned by the Educational Assessment Research Unit, New Zealand (unless the content is identified as being the property of another party).

If there is any inconsistency between this copyright notice and the copyright notice found on any of the information available on this website, then the notice attached to the information will take precedence. This includes material on websites you access via links from this site.

You may reference Crown copyright works freely and without permission. Should you wish to copy or reproduce a Crown copyright work, you should email to obtain authorisation to do so. You must also obtain our written permission if you wish to create a link to or from our website, or any part of our website.

If you are the owner of material that appears as a link or resource and wish it to be removed from this site then please contact us at We will acknowledge your contribution or remove it at your discretion.


This site contains information obtained from the New Zealand Ministry of Education, and from sources commissioned by the Ministry, and is subject to change without notice. The Ministry endeavours to ensure that the information is true, accurate and current. However, neither the Ministry nor the EARU accepts any liability for the accuracy or content of this information.